After the 1947 "Roswell Incident" in New Mexico, the U.S. Air Force launched Project Blue Book which ultimately investigated nearly 13,000 UFO sightings within the United States and abroad. The reports and records of these sightings are available free on Fold3.
When the project closed in 1969, the Air Force had concluded that none of the objects investigated ever threatened national security, that no discoveries were more advanced than known contemporary technology of the day, and there was no evidence that the objects were extraterrestrial vehicles.
Fifty years ago, in August 1963, there were forty-four investigations into UFO sightings. Most were explained as meteors, planets, aircraft, or natural occurrences; and many were written off as lacking in evidence. The files typically begin with a Project Record Card with twelve boxes recording date, location, number of objects, length of observation, a summary and conclusions. While most sightings were in the U.S., other reports in August 1963 came from Italy, Afghanistan, Chile, and the Pacific Ocean.
The Cleveland Ufology Project investigated a newspaper story that reported a young boy finding a rock that fell from the sky on August 13, 1963. It tasted like salt (we wonder why anyone would taste something that might be of extraterrestrial origin) and was later determined to be salt crystals.
Several witnesses in Warner, New Hampshire, near Lake Winnepocket testified that they saw cigar-shaped objects. One person took a 16mm color movie, supposedly archived in another location at the National Archives. The 38-page report included diagrams and multiple forms. Analysis confirmed that the observations were of a meteor shower.
The documents in Fold3's Project Blue Book files are declassified, but names and addresses are masked to protect identities and locations. The stories can be fascinating. Evidence of any government cover-up is discounted, but you can be the judge of that when you read the investigations.
150th Anniversary (1863–2013) This Month in the Civil War: Quantrill's Raiders Attack Lawrence, Kansas
In the early morning of August 21, 1863, hundreds of guerillas led by William Clarke Quantrill raided Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 men and boys. Within a couple hours, Quantrill's Raiders had looted, destroyed, and burned most of the town. It was one of the most savage unprovoked attacks of the Civil War. Quantrill's Raid; also known as the Lawrence Massacre, was condemned by officials on both sides of the war.
In reaction, General Ewing, Union Commander of the District of the Border, issued General Orders No. 11, forcing thousands of Missouri residents to evacuate all but a few towns within the Missouri counties along the Kansas border. Their homes and fields were burned; their crops and livestock confiscated or destroyed in an effort to deprive Quantrill and his men of assistance and provisions. The region became known as the "Burnt District." Quantrill's Raiders headed to Texas and spent the next winter there before disbanding.
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